OTHER DISORDERS AND CONDITIONS
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Primarily Inattentive type, Primarily Hyperactive / Impulsive type, or mixed: ADHD is often encountered and treated when comorbid with OCD or an anxiety disorder.
Anorexia or bulimia, characterized by fears of gaining weight, excessive food restriction, excessive exercise, purging, or compulsive overeating, which may or may not be a way of coping with anxiety or other feelings. These are often treated when co-morbid with OCD.
Stress related disorders and Stress management:
Excessive stress can lead to psychological or physical challenges or disorders. Techniques used include relaxation exercises, meditation, problem-solving, mindfulness, challenging self-sabotaging thoughts, learning to prioritize, creating work-life balance, assertiveness, setting limits, and Positive Psychology techniques.
Health and wellness issues:
- Weight loss and weight management
- Implementing a Healthy Lifestyle
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder:
Behavior pattern characterized by having to do things in a very specific, orderly, often rigid way, in order to achieve the “just right” feeling, but also in a way that is pleasing to the individual and sometimes rewarded by others – there is often no desire to change behavior unless family member insists.
Needing to do things perfectly and fearing failure, often leading to avoidance of producing or completing things. The resulting procrastination, as deadlines approach, may lead to less than optimal products, e.g., less then “A” grades, leading to increased fear of failure and avoidance. In the book Pursuit of Perfect, Tal Ben-Shahar, Ph.D., makes a distinction between being a “perfectionist” – one who is totally focused on outcomes, and an “optimalist” – one who strives to do very well, but who can appreciate the process, accept failure, and learn from it regardless of the outcome. An optimalist, therefore, does not avoid completing things. For perfectionists, indecisiveness often occurs, reflecting intolerance of uncertainty. Perfectionism may occur in OCD or obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. It can respond to challenging self-sabotaging beliefs, and to exposure to making decisions and taking action despite fears.
The teenage years are challenging. For adolescent girls they present issues of unrealistic ideals regarding beauty, body image, sexuality, and sense of self-worth especially as represented in the media; having twice the incidence of depression that boys have; displaying a high incidence of eating disorders; and being confronted with confused messages regarding striving for success in terms of academic, athletic, and career goals, and in terms of how to be oneself and fit in. Because of these vulnerabilities in teenage girls, adolescence is also an optimal time for promoting messages that build healthy self-esteem, healthy self-care, and healthy coping strategies for these demands, that can serve them for a lifetime.